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Ecosystem Management

Ridge to Reef - Integrated Environmental Management of the Fanga’uta Lagoon Catchment

Project Details
Project name : Ridge to Reef - Integrated Environmental Management of the Fanga’uta Lagoon Catchment
Project Life date: 31 Dec, 2017
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
:
Focal Point: Paula Ma'u
Project Management Unit : Ta'hirih Hokafonu
Donor: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: To conserve the ecosystem services of the Fanga’uta Lagoon through an integrated land, water and coastal management approach thereby protecting livelihoods and food production and enhancing climate resilience.
Description: This GEF project seeks to conserve the ecosystem services of the Fanga’uta Lagoon Catchment on the Tongatapu Island of the Kingdom of Tonga in the South Pacific through an integrated land, water and coastal management approach thereby protecting livelihoods and food production and enhancing climate resilience. The project is part of the Program on “Pacific Island Ridge to Reef National Priorities – Integrated Water, Land, Forest and Coastal Management to Preserve Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, Store carbon, Improve Climate Resilience and Sustain Livelihoods” under GEF support, maintaining and enhancing the ecosystem goods and services of Tonga’s main lagoon catchment and marine reserve areas through integrated approaches to land, water, forest, biodiversity and coastal resource management that contribute to poverty reduction, sustainable livelihoods and climate resilience. It also makes a stronger linkage between sustainable development of freshwater catchment and coastal areas and promotes the implementation of holistic, integrated management of natural resources at the catchment level.\ Targeting to achieve an integrated management and conservation of the lagoon ecosystem services, the project devises and implements creative ways to address the critical gaps in environmental and ecosystem services conservation in the Fanga’uta Lagoon catchment through: Component 1: Establishment of an effective governance system and sustainable management of the lagoon ecosystems. Component 2: Implement Integrated environmental management approaches for improving conditions of critical habitats, productivity, water quality and fisheries in the lagoon catchment. Component 3: Strengthening knowledge and awareness of the Fanga’uta Lagoon ecosystem functions and associated socio-economic benefits within the national stakeholders and local communities

GEF PAS Integrated Island Biodiversity Project-Implementing the Island Biodiversity Programme of Work by Integrating the conservation management of island biodiversity

Project Details
Project name : GEF PAS Integrated Island Biodiversity Project-Implementing the Island Biodiversity Programme of Work by Integrating the conservation management of island biodiversity
Project Life date: 29 Jun, 2016
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Paula Ma'u
Project Members : Ana Fekau
Sponsor: Paula Ma'u
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: Improved conservation status of priority threatened species, esp. Megapode also strengthening of the PA system
Description: Tonga is one of the four countries in the Pacific that eligible for GEF funding which highlighted with high levels of endemic species. It has the highest of species extinction rates in the world. The IIB project has established in addressing the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by restoration of priority species such as Megapode and ecosystems at risk through the improved systems and processes including resource assessment and monitoring, legislation, capacity and awareness building. The project sites are mainly focused on Niuafo'ou, Vava'u and 'Eua islands.
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Support to GEF Eligible Parties (LDCs & SIDs) for the Revision of the NBSAPs and Development of Fifth National Report to the CBD (PHASE II) (NBSAP)

Project Details
Project name : Support to GEF Eligible Parties (LDCs & SIDs) for the Revision of the NBSAPs and Development of Fifth National Report to the CBD (PHASE II) (NBSAP)
Project Life date: 31 Dec, 2015
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Paula Ma'u
Project Members : Eileen Fonua
Sponsor: Paula Ma'u
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: With the overarching goal of improving decision-making for the conservation of global biodiversity, the main objective of this project is to enable countries to revise its NBSAP and to develop the Fifth National Report to the CBD. The project supports integrating the obligations of these countries under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) into their national development and sectoral planning frameworks through a renewed and participative ‘biodiversity planning’ and strategizing process, in a manner that is in line with the global guidance contained in the CBD’s Strategic Plan for 2011-2020.
Description: This project responds to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted by the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (Decision X), which is a commitment to promote effective implementation of the Convention through a strategic approach, comprising a shared vision, a mission, and strategic goals and targets (the Aichi Biodiversity Targets), that will inspire broad-based action by all Parties and stakeholders. Specifically the project will:- • Enable GEF eligible Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing Countries (SIDs) to undertake revision of the National Biodiversity Strategies and Plans (NBSAPs); • Develop the 5th National Report to the CBD. In accordance with Article 26 of the Convention and Decision X/10 of the 10th Conference of the Parties, Parties are required to submit their Fifth National Report by 31 March 2014. National reports are essential tools in allowing the COP to keep the implementation of the Convention under review, inter alia, by providing material for the preparation of the Global Biodiversity Outlook. The Fifth National Report provides a key source of information for a mid-term review of the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, which will be undertaken at the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.
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GEF PAS Prevention, control and management of invasive alien species in the Kingdom of Tonga.

Project Details
Project name : GEF PAS Prevention, control and management of invasive alien species in the Kingdom of Tonga.
Project Life date: 31 Dec, 2016
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Paula Ma'u
Project Members : Viliami Hakaumotu, Siosina Katoa
Sponsor: Paula Ma'u
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: To reduce the environmental, economic, and human health impacts of invasive alien species in both terrestrial and marine habitats in the Pacific region
Description: 1. Invasive Alien Species (IAS) are a major threat to marine, freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity of the Pacific islands and to the people there that depend on biodiversity for their livelihoods. Invasive species are implicated in the decline of hundreds of species in the region. Participating Pacific states and the executing agency SPREP (Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme) recognised the need to implement the regional IAS strategy, “Guidelines for Invasive Species Management in the Pacific. A Pacific strategy for managing pests, weeds and other invasive species” (hereafter, the Guidelines) and develop and implement national IAS plans and strategies. The Guidelines were originally identified as a product under this project, but were completed in 2009 prior to writing this proposal. As envisaged during the PIF process the proposed project contributes to the implementation of the Guidelines, each country’s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan and helps each to meet its responsibilities under Article 8 (h) of the CBD and several other international agreements addressing IAS. The three main components (not including components related to project management) of the proposed project are designed to capture outcomes and outputs described in the Project Identification Form but they have been reorganized to follow the structure of the Guidelines, and are summarized as follows: 2. Component 1 Foundations: Generating Support — Raising awareness of the impacts of invasive species on biodiversity, the economy, human health and socio-cultural values, and generating support for action to manage and reduce them (mainstreaming. Building Capacity — Developing the institutions, skills, infrastructure, technical support, information management, linkages, networks and exchanges required to manage invasive species effectively. Legislation, Policy and Protocols — Ensuring that appropriate legislation, protocols, policies and procedures are in place and operating, to underpin the effective management of invasive species. 3. Component 2 Problem Definition, Prioritization and Decision-making: Baseline & Monitoring — Establishing a baseline of information on the status and distribution of invasive species and a programme for detecting change, including range changes and emerging impacts. Prioritization — Establishing effective systems for assessing risk and prioritising invasive species for management. Research on priorities — Understanding priority invasives, including species biology and impacts, and developing effective management techniques. 4. Component 3 Management Action (Pilot projects): Biosecurity — Preventing the spread of invasive species across international or internal borders. Management of established invasives — Reducing or eliminating the impacts of established invasive species, by eradication, containment, exclusion, or population reduction by physical, chemical or biological control. Restoration — Restoring native biodiversity or ensuring recovery of other values, after invasive species management. 5. Component 4 Project Management: SPREP will be carrying out the necessary actions to ensure effective project management and coordination; monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems in place for this GEF PAS project. This includes the work of the Project Manager (Invasive Species Officer – an existing position), a Project Facilitator and half time Financial Officer to be hired . 6. Component 5 Monitoring and Evaluation: Inception workshop to be run by the Project Facilitator, monitoring and evaluation of project outcomes and outputs carried out by independent evaluators determined by UNEP according to the standard guidelines
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Sustainable Land Management Project

Project Details
Project name : Sustainable Land Management Project
Project Life date: 01 Jan, 2013
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Lupe Mangisi Matoto
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: The ultimate goal of this project is to enhance ecosystem stability, functions and services while promoting sustainable livelihoods through sustainable land management.
Description: The Tonga Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Project intends to stem the current rate of land degradation by developing individual, institutional and systemic capacity to manage land wisely, and to mainstream sustainable land management tools and practices into the development and budgetary processes of the government. GEF funding requested through this proposal will be used to lift barriers to sustainable land management and thus contribute to enhancing ecosystem health, stability, functions and services.It will also enable the government of Tonga to strengthen its policies, regulatory and economic incentive frameworks to facilitate wider adoption of sustainable land management practices across sectors.

Programme of Work on Protected Areas

Project Details
Project name : Programme of Work on Protected Areas
Project Life date: 31 Dec, 2010
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Lupe Mangisi Matoto, Nalesoni Leka
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: As part of fulfilling Tonga’s commitment towards UNCBD’s Programme of Work for Protected Areas, the overall objective of this activity is to formulate through a participatory and analytical process a set of prioritised national actions necessary for the establishment of Tonga’s PoWPA. This report documents the process of Tonga’s Initial PoWPA Analysis and Priority Setting which was undertaken in August 2008.
Description: The POWPA Analysis and Priority Setting Exercise undertaken in August 2008 represents the people of Tonga’s aspirations for a national Programme of Work for Protected Areas that conserves and protects Tonga’s unique terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and sustainably upholds the integrity of the environment and Tongan cultural way of life in the midst of Small Island Developing States socio-economic realities. Although historically, Tonga was a regional trendsetter in establishing its first national reserve in the 1940s and later in 1976 established five national marine parks, the development of an effective management regime for these protected areas and consequently the identification of new sites has been rather slow. Tonga’s accession to the UNCBD in 1998, marked a new era in which the conservation and effective management of scarce and threatened biodiversity resources have re-emerged as a national priority. Since the completion of Tonga’s NBSAP in 2006, the PoWPA project represents a timely opportunity for implementation of Tonga’s commitments to PoWPA. The financial assistance provided by these international conventions are enabling the implementation of relevant sections in the NBSAP for Protected Areas, that otherwise lacked the financial resources.

Community Turtle Monitoring and Eco-tourism Development Project in Tonga

Project Details
Project name : Community Turtle Monitoring and Eco-tourism Development Project in Tonga
Project Life date: 01 Jun, 2016
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Samiuela Pakileata, Hoifua Aholahi
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Environment
Focus & Goals: Assess the communities level of support, interests and future commitment to turtle monitoring
Description: The Pacific Community Turtle Monitoring and Eco-tourism Development Projects were developed based on the Regional Marine Species Action Plan 2008 – 2012, as well as the SPREP Strategic Plan 2011 – 2015. Tonga is among the four countries (with Fiji, Kiribati and Solomon Islands) in the Pacific to implement community based turtle monitoring and development of sustainable ecotourism businesses to assist livelihoods, while promoting sustainable management of turtle adopting the lesson learned from the model project in Vanuatu. As part of our commitment to the project, it is the duty of the national government leading agencies (Environment Division of the Ministry of Lands, Environment, Climate Change & Natural Resources (MLECCNR) and Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFFF) to coordinate consultations with local stakeholders and communities.