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Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management

Light Detection and Free Ranging(LIDAR) Phase II

Project Details
Project name : Light Detection and Free Ranging(LIDAR) Phase II
Project Life date: 30 Jun, 2012
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Complete 100%
Focal Point: Asipeli Palaki
Project Management Unit : Luisa T Malolo
Donor: Australian AID
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: 1. To enhance institutional GIS capacity in Tonga to support the long-term use and management of the provided spatial data, including capacity to undertake coastal inundation modelling and basic risk assessment in a GIS environment. a. To build the capacity of technical personnel in Tonga to use high resolution elevation data to undertake coastal inundation modelling. b. To improve the ability of decision makers in Tonga to understand the nature, utility and limitations of the acquired LiDAR data, high resolution DEMs and other derived products. c. To enhance capacity in the management and application of the acquired spatial datasets in GIS systems to ensure sustainable use and access to data. 2. To perform simple coastal inundation modelling and preliminary risk assessments for priority areas of Tongatapu.
Description: As part of the Australian Government’s International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga’s Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC) highlighted the potential for supporting Action 2.1 of Tonga’s Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu The second phase of this project will develop capacity in relevant Government of Tonga agencies to use coastal elevation data to understand risks from sea level rise associated with climate change. The second phase of work will also provide the IT infrastructure to store and use the data. Broader communication with in-country stakeholders to raise awareness of the new data is also proposed. Simple coastal inundation models developed during the training will be used to support an initial risk assessment of priority coastal areas of Tongatapu.
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Program on the Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change & Disaster Risk Management

Project Details
Project name : Program on the Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change & Disaster Risk Management
Project Life date: 30 Apr, 2014
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Luisa T Malolo, Ofa Kaisamy, Sione Fulivai
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: To assist the Government of Tonga meet its climate change adaptation needs that were highlighted in its JNAP on CCADRM
Description: The development of this Joint Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risks Management complies with Tonga’s National Strategic Development Framework 2009–2014, the Pacific Islands Framework of Action on Climate Change 2006–2015, the Pacific Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management Framework for Action 2005–2015, the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR), the Yokohama Plan for Action and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015, and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The preparation of this Joint National Action Plan (JNAP) on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (CCA & DRM) was funded by the Global Environment Facility through the United Nations Development Programme, ACP-EU Natural Disaster Facility through the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). The Joint team from SOPAC and SPREP provided valuable training, facilitation and technical assistance throughout the process of developing this JNAP. In addition, the development of this JNAP also involved national experts that make up the Vulnerability and Adaptation Team of the Second National Communication (SNC) Project, Disaster Risk Management Task Force. Expert members were drawn from government ministries, Non-Government Organisations and Statutory Authorities. The Management Unit of the SNC Project, Ministry of Lands, Environment, Climate Change and Natural Resources (former Ministry of Environment and Climate Change) was responsible for the compilation and editing of the JNAP text with assistance from SOPAC and SPREP. The Plan comprises of six priority goals. Goal 1: Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (mainstreaming, decision making, organizational and institutional policy frameworks). Goal 2: Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management Goal 3: Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risks Goal 4: Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters Goal 5: Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom Goal 6: Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs A structure to provide the leadership, guidance and the coordination of JNAP implementation has been developed. It is centred on the JNAP Secretariat and its Technical Working Group in close collaboration with JNAP’s relevant stakeholders.
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The Pacific Climate Change Science Program (PCCSP)

Project Details
Project name : The Pacific Climate Change Science Program (PCCSP)
Project Life date: 31 Dec, 2011
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Luisa T Malolo
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: is to help the partner countries better their understand of past, current and future climate and build capacity in climate science within these countries.
Description: The Pacific Climate Change Science Program is part of the Australian Government’s International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative which was launched in 2008 to meet high priority adaptation needs of vulnerable countries in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Pacific island nations and East Timor. There are 15 partner countries involved in the Pacific Climate Change Science Program. The PCCSP is supported by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) in collaboration with the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE). It is delivered by the Bureau of Meteorology and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through their research partnership in the Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research (CAWCR). The Program also works in close cooperation with regional Pacific organisations and other research institutions including Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the University of the South Pacific (USP). The PCCSP overall aim is to help the partner countries better their understand of past, current and future climate and build capacity in climate science within these countries. The PCCSP is assisting the region address two key principles of the Pacific Islands Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006-2015: firstly, improving the understanding of climate change and secondly, the provision of education, training and awareness. These also relate to JNAP Goal 2 (Enhanced Technical Knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management & Goal 3 (Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risks. A climate change database management system was established at the Tonga Meteorological Service as part of this program.
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Light Detection and Free Ranging(LIDAR) Phase I

Project Details
Project name : Light Detection and Free Ranging(LIDAR) Phase I
Project Life date: 30 Jun, 2012
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Luisa T Malolo
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: Captured high resolution topographic and bathymetric data of Tongatapu and Lifuka through airborne LiDAR surveys
Description: As part of the Australian Government’s International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga’s Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC) highlighted the potential for supporting Action 2.1 of Tonga’s Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu. High-resolution imagery was also captured with the LiDAR. The surveys were completed in October 2011 and the data was processed to produce high resolution digital elevation models (DEMS) and other derived products. Phase One also assessed institutional technical capability within the Government of Tonga to receive and use the elevation data, and scoped capacity building requirements to sustainably use the data for coastal inundation modelling and risk assessment.
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ACP/EU Natural Disaster Facility as coordinated by SOPAC

Project Details
Project name : ACP/EU Natural Disaster Facility as coordinated by SOPAC
Project Life date: 12 Jul, 2013
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Asipeli Palaki
Project Members : Luisa T Malolo
Sponsor: Asipeli Palaki
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: 1. Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management 2. Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management 3. Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate impacts and disaster risks 4. Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters
Description: Straight after the endorsement of the JNAP on CCADRM by Cabinet, ACP-EU as coordinated by SOPAC had secured funding to implement the following JNAP actions;
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Enhanced Resilience of six communities on the Eastern Site of Tongatapu to climate change impacts and disaster risks

Project Details
Project name : Enhanced Resilience of six communities on the Eastern Site of Tongatapu to climate change impacts and disaster risks
Project Life date: 31 May, 2012
Project Status &
Completion Percentage
: Good / 90%
Contact Person: Paula Ma'u
Project Members : Luisa T Malolo
Sponsor: Paula Ma'u
Project Sector: Climate Change
Focus & Goals: ‘Enhancing the resilience of six coastal communities (Nukuleka-Kolonga) on the Eastern site of Tongatapu to climate change impacts and disaster risks
Description: Six coastal villages (Nukuleka, Makaunga,Talafo’ou, Navutoka, Manuka & Kolonga) on the eastern site of Tongatapu have experienced coastal inundation and erosion in the last twenty years and even up to this current stage. The topographic elevation of these coastal areas are below 1m above the high water mark. The seawall that runs adjacent along the main road is badly degrading due mainly to climate change impacts and disaster risks (sea level rise, tropical cyclone & storm surge). During spring tides, the water reaches adjacent residents on the opposite site of the main road temporarily flooding lower areas. In depth scientific studies and concrete adaptation actions to be implemented in these vulnerable communities are required. The JNAP Secretariat and its Task Force have selected the above named communities as priority for the project, . Three scientific studies and assessment will be conducted in these communities. These include coastal feasibility studies, coastal design, costing and Environment Impact Assessment
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